DECLARATION of INTERESTS

Guideline
The power of transparency: navigating through the labyrinth of ever-changing conflict-of-interest rules in science research
To present a short guide outlining the steps a researcher has to follow to report conflicts of interest.
This resource provides a set of reporting guidelines to be used in case researchers need to disclose any conflicts of interest. The rules for reporting conflicts of interest differ considerably depending on the institution or country. Ethics experts therefore recommend that the first port of call in the declaration of competing interests should be the office for ethics and compliance at the researcher's own institution. Most academic institutions have offices and committees charged with managing these issues and can give researchers thoughtful advice. Researchers may experience reporting every conflict of interest as intrusive, or they may worry that it suggests an unproven tie between industry fees and research findings. However, failure to disclose information could arouse suspicion and disclosure is therefore considered the first and best defense against charges of bias. This resource provides guidance on how to act with transparency.
Reference of the resource

Sarah Kellogg

“The power of transparency” Nature 484 (2012) 131–133.

Type of resource:
Guideline
Relevant discipline(s):
All
Relevant stakeholder(s):
Pre-graduate students
Post-graduate students
PhD candidates
Early career researchers
Senior researchers
Researchers in industry
Supervisors
Tenured faculty members
Research administrators
Members of Research Ethics Committees
Members of Research Integrity Offices/Bodies
RPO senior management staff (Rectors, Deans)
Members of RPO research committees
Ombudsmen
Funders
Relevant organisational level(s):
Institution (meso level)
Individual (micro level)
Published/put into force:
2012