How to spot authorship problems
To help editors be alert for inappropriate authorship and spot warning signs which may indicate problems.
Editors cannot police author or contributor listings for every submission but may sometimes have suspicions that an author list is incomplete or includes undeserving (guest or gift) authors. The COPE flowchart “Ghost, guest or gift authorship in a submitted manuscript suggests actions for these situations. The points in this flowchart are designed to help editors be alert for inappropriate authorship and spot warning signs which may indicate problems.
Reference of the resource
COPE Council. COPE Flowcharts and infographics — How to spot authorship problems — English. https://doi.org/ 10.24318/cope. 2019.2.16 ©2021 Committee on Publication Ethics (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).